Regione Toscana
Provincia di Lucca
Fondazione Banca del Monte di Lucca
Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Lucca

Fattoria Romana di Montiscendi

La zona compresa tra l'attuale frazione di Montiscendi e l'alveo del lago di Porta, in etÓ romana, rientrava probabilmente nel territorio della colonia di Luni e presenta evidenti tracce della sistemazione agraria (centuriazione) finalizzata alla regolamentazione delle acque di superficie e alla distribuzione dei terreni tra i coloni. L'area era inoltre interessata dal passaggio della strada romana, Via Aurelia-Emilia, che costituiva la viabilitÓ principale tra Roma e l'Italia settentrionale lungo la costa tirrenica.
A Montiscendi, in localitÓ Pruniccia, scavi archeologici, condotti tra il 1990 e il 1991, hanno individuato i resti di un insediamento agricolo, con fasi di vita comprese tra il II secolo a.C. e il III secolo d.C.
(testo di Fabio Fabiani)

Bibliografia: - Sheperd E. J., Montiscendi (Pietrasanta), in Pietrasanta. Museo Archeologico Versiliese Bruno Antonucci, Viareggio 1995
Epoca: IInd c. B.C. - Vth c. A.D.
Comprensorio: Versilia
Comune: Pietrasanta, locality Montiscendi
Notizie storiche: Along the Roman road between Pisa and Luni , probably closely followed in this stretch by the modern Via Aurelia, a building, one rectangular room of which has been explored, was erected between 150 and 100 B.C.. Its constructive features indicate a general use for productive activities rather than as living quarters. The room is delimited at its base by walls made of large roughly hewn stones and cobbles; upon these, gratings consisting of a cane frame filled with clay and stones, were set up; the covering was made of tiles, supported by beams and nailed rafters. The room floor was made of cocciopesto, while outside a dirt floor was found.
The discovery of loom weights among the material from layers of periods when the building was in use, allow us to affirm that weaving was certainly one of the domestic activities.
The building was in use for more than two centuries until, at some time between the end of the Ist and the beginning of the IInd century A.D., a partial collapse of the structure shows that it was abandoned. However, during the IInd century A.D., some adjustments to the already decaying structure, such as a hearth built within the collapsed walls, prove that the structure was occasionally occupied: in this scanty presence we catch the signs of a spreading crisis in rural Italy. A further symptom of this situation of unease is a handful of coins, maybe originally contained in a leather purse, stowed away inside the building at the turn of the century.
The site was definitely abandoned shortly after, probably due to flooding and the structures collapsed completely.
Near the farm, a funerary inscription that may be dated to the IInd century A.D., placed by the husband and parents of the dead, has been found. This find suggests a burial area next to the settlement, as at Crocialetto, Cafaggio, Pieve di S. Giovanni e Santa Felicita and Pievecchia.

bibliography:

- Sheperd E. J., Montiscendi (Pietrasanta), in Pietrasanta. Museo Archeologico Versiliese Bruno Antonucci, Viareggio 1995
Stato di conservazione: The remains are not visible; finds are preserved at the Archeological Museum Bruno Antonucci in Pietrasanta.
Tipologia: Centuriation, farm; necropolis
Codice Audioguida: 176
chiusura