Regione Toscana
Provincia di Lucca
Fondazione Banca del Monte di Lucca
Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Lucca

L'uomo e il territorio in Garfagnana

L'ambiente naturale ha subito una forte antropizzazione e lo sfruttamento delle aree boschive, dei pascoli, dei campi è testimoniato da numerosi musei etnografici dedicati alla vita contadina.
Dove la montagna non consentiva neanche un'agricoltura di sussistenza, restano le testimonianze relative all'emigrazione della popolazione locale in cerca di miglior fortuna.
In tempi recenti la crisi del settore primario ha portato ad una nuova gestione del territorio, in un'ottica di conservazione e non di abbandono. Nascono così i parchi naturali regionali e le riserve che tutelano l'ambiente montano delle Apuane e della Garfagnana.

Tappa 1:

Following the Serchio river from the surroundings of Lucca towards Garfagnana we climb and reach the first chestnut woods, a culture that is documented here since the Early Middle Ages. For a better understanding of the territory and to discover a unique reality we suggest a visit of the "Museo del Castagno" of Colognora di Pescaglia. Here we can learn all about the processing and exploitation of the chestnut as well as pay a visit to a so called 'metato' where chestnuts were put to dry.

Tappa 2:

Agriculture in Garfagnana was never really profitable since the soil was poor and land was divided into small plots that couldn't support large families; the only solution then was to emigrate. This important socio-economic factor that dates back to the XVIIth century is illustrated in the "Museo della Figurina di Gesso e dell'Emigrazione" of Coreglia Antelminelli. Here you will find a vast collection of those plaster statuettes made by artisans, emigrants of Tuscan origin, that not only could survive, but also reached success in producing them.

Tappa 3:

On the Apennines, a rough environment with a rich flora and fauna, a series of interesting excursions and visits to environmental education centres, created in the firm belief that the territory itself is a precious resource to be preserved and appreciated in all its variety, are possible. At Colle Fobia near Barga and at San Romano Garfagnana, where you find the "Centro Visitatori of the Orecchiella Park", are two didactic structures focusing on the natural habitat of Garfagnana. Here you can walk for days and days in about 60000 hectares of woodland with its chestnuts, hornbeams, Turkey oaks, alders, birches and beeches that open into heaths and meadows. The paths marked by the "Comunità montana" that has prepared the itinerary for a ten day hike called "Garfagnana Trekking" permit us to cover on foot and admire a territory which is once again home to wolves and golden eagles.

Tappa 4:

In San Pellegrino in Alpe you can visit the "Museo Etnografico Don Luigi Pellegrini" where you will find information about the rural culture of the Toscana and Appennino Emiliano in an exposition of farmers', shepherds' and artisans' tools together with furniture and other household items. On a clear day from San Pellegrino you will enjoy a complete panorama of Lucca's mountains, from Garfagnana to the Apuans, and to the north you can recognise all the peaks of the Appennino Emiliano. The place is in the 1500-1700 metres a.s.l. zone where the woodland opens towards grassy slopes used as pastures.

Personale di riferimento:

contacts:
Turismo Provincia di Lucca: www.luccaturismo.it

Stagione consigliata:

recommended time of the year: In Autumn, since then you can gather chestnuts and watch the leaves as they take on a whole range of gorgeous colours.

Siti internet:

web sites: Parks in the Province of Lucca:www.rete.toscana.it/sett/poledu/educa/edamb/guidaweb2/GUIDAIND-LU.htm
Museum of plaster statuettes and emigration: www.lunet.it/forum/comunedicoreglia/

Bibliografia:

bibliography:
- Borella M., Garfagnana: parco naturale della Toscana, Bologna,1991
- Folchi S., Musei etnografici in Toscana, Firenze 1993
- Pieroni S., Parco naturale dell' Orecchiella, Bologna, Italcards, 1994

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