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Etruscan necropolis of Baraglino


typology: Etruscan Necropolis
Area: Versilia
District/Locality: Seravezza, locality Querceta

The alluvial terrace of the Versilia river was inhabited between the VIIth and Vth century B.C. by an Etruscan community. The economic vitality of this area was due mostly to the exploitation of marble quarries in the Apuan Alps and to contacts with the centres of Etruria by maritime commerce.
Remains of dwellings (Casa Baldi), tombs with grave goods (Via del Poggione, Baraglino), as well as numerous marble gravestones ("cippi a clava") have been found.
Besides, the area preserves considerable traces of the following Roman occupation, when it was probably included in the territory of the colony of Luni: indeed, we are able to identify remains of agrarian settlements (centuriation), farms and burial areas, such as the one at
Cafaggio.
At Baraglino, the discovery of a group of ceramics and of a 'cippo a clava' at the end of the 19th century and of a second gravestone more recently, suggest the presence of an Archaic Etruscan necropolis in this area.
(text by Fabio Fabiani)
State of preservation

Remains cannot be seen; the pottery is exposed at the Museo Nazionale di S. Matteo in Pisa; the 'cippi a clava' at the Archeological Museum Bruno Antonucci in Pietrasanta.
Historycal news

The set of objects, discovered by chance at Bargaglino and donated by the Garfagnini family to the Museo Nazionale di S. Matteo in Pisa, includes an earthenware pot, two bowls made of bucchero and a cover of fine impasto, that find exact counterparts within the region and, in particular, in the territory orbiting around Pisa; similar finds have been dated between the end of the VIIth and the beginning of the VIth centuries B.C.. Of particular interest is the bowl in bucchero with an inscription in Etruscan showing the name of its owner. From the same place come also two 'cippi a clava', marble tombstones, one of which, formerly property of the Garfagnini family, presents peculiar features: the cippus was apparently cut vertically, maybe to compensate a natural flaw. On the flat surface so obtained, the outline of another 'cippo a clava', standing on its base, was carved in relief.
The retrieved objects are probably the rests of a necropolis belonging to one of the settlements on the alluvial terrace of the Versilia. Moreover, the presence of the inscription, together with a few others found near the cottage of casa Baldi and at S. Rocchino, show that during the entire VIth century B.C. there was a literate class using Etruscan language and Etruscan writing.bibliography:
- Maggiani A., Querceta, località Baraglino (Seravezza), in Paribeni E. (a cura di), Etruscorum ante quam Ligurum. La Versilia tra VII e III sec. a.C., Pontedera 1990.
- Fabiani F., I cippi funerari versiliesi e il loro contesto, in Paribeni E. (a cura di), Acheronticae columellae. Cippi funerari della Versilia etrusca, Pietrasanta 1999
Bibliography

- Maggiani A., Querceta, località Baraglino (Seravezza), in Paribeni E. (a cura di), Etruscorum ante quam Ligurum. La Versilia tra VII e III sec. a.C., Pontedera 1990.
- Fabiani F., I cippi funerari versiliesi e il loro contesto, in Paribeni E. (a cura di), Acheronticae columellae. Cippi funerari della Versilia etrusca, Pietrasanta 1999

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