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villas

Palazzo Bertolli, at present, the seat of the "Professional Institute for Turism, Sandro Pertini"


Area: Piana di Lucca
Place: Lucca
District/Locality: The building is a private property and cannot be visited inside.
Building dating: 1910-12

The rectangular based building consists of three floors above ground level in addition to the attic and is considerable in dimension. It has a pavilion roof surfaced with Marseillais tiling.
The internal distributive plan is very linear, even though internal modifications have been made, for which no council permission is documented, in order to use the entire premises as a school. Such modifications include the installation of a lift in the two entrance rooms. However, the internal staircase has remained the same and is made from granite with a wrought iron banister.
The main façade which faces north and looks onto viale Cavour is strongly marked by the presence of decorations clearly inspired by the Art Nouveau movement. The bas-reliefs in cement adorning the cornices of the windows on the upper floors are particularly interesting and are attributed to the Lucchese sculptor Gugliermo Petroni. The façade is characterised by two turrets towering above the roof that conclude the two fasces in which the doors are inserted. The latter are crowned with prominently projecting terraces.
The south facing façade which looks onto the railway line also boasts beautiful and careful workmanship.
The building is a private property and cannot be visited inside.
Historycal news

The palazzo was built between 1910 and 1912 on land owned by the company "Francesco Bertolli", a family of entrepreneurs in the oil production field. It was situated between the Fenili property on the east side and the area of property owned by the state railway to the south, while the building looked onto the road on the north facing side.
In the building construction area surrounding palazzo Bertolli there was another palazzo belonging to the family which is now the seat of Guardia di Finanza, as well as palazzo Lazzareschi Lazzeroni which hosts the police headquarters. The three buildings together constitute the most representative realisations in the area situated immediately outside Porta S. Pietro.
From the original designs of Giuseppe Puccinelli's project, you can see that it consisted of two floors above ground level. The ground level was used as a storeroom for company activities while the first floor was divided into two apartments, each with a staircase and vast terrace.
During the 1950's, an extension was added on to the west side of the palazzo using reinforced-concrete, notably contrasting with the more ancient part. After the town council of Lucca bought the property for scholastic purposes, the extension has housed the gymnasiums of the "Instituto Pertini" since the 1970's.
(text by Lorenza Caprotti - Centro Studi Cultura Liberty e Déco)
How to reach

by car: A11 motorway exit "Lucca Centro". Follow the signs for the town centre until you reach the ring road along the walls. Turn right in Viale Carducci and then turn in Viale Cavour where you will find the villa at number 287.
Bibliography

- Archivio Storico del Comune di Lucca
- Fondazione Ragghianti, Lucca
- A. Cambetti, Lucca nel 1913, Lucca 1914
- C. Cresti, Per una schedatura del liberty a Lucca, in Bollettino degli ingegneri n.4, 1973
- C. Cresti, L.Zangheri, Architetti e Ingegneri nella Toscana dell'Ottocento, Firenze 1978
- C. Cresti, Lucca oltre le Mura , in Toscana qui , n.2, 1982, Firenze
- M. C. Poggi, Gli Orzali, una famiglia di Ingegneri, Architetti, Costruttori, tesi di Laurea 1996, Facoltà di Architettura, Firenze
- M. A. Giusti (a cura di), Le età del Liberty in Toscana, Octavo Franco Cantini editore, 1996
- G. Bedini, L'arredo urbano e i villini di Lucca, in M.A. Giusti (a cura di), Le età del Liberty in Toscana, Atti del Convegno di Studi, Firenze 1995
- N. Nicoletti, Le residenze fuori dalle mura, in Il Museo per conoscere. Esperienze e proposte , a cura della Soprintendenza B.A.A.A.S. delle province di Pisa, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Livorno, Sezione Didattica dei Musei Nazionali di Lucca, anno II, n.3-4, Maria Pacini Fazzi Editore, Lucca 1995
- E. Godoli (a cura di), Architetture del Novecento. La Toscana - Fondazione Michelucci, Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze 2001

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