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villas

Villa Ducloz


icona Villa Ducloz
prospetto e bow window
Area: Piana di Lucca
Place: Lucca
District/Locality: The building is a private property and cannot be visited inside.
Building dating: 1903

Perhaps the most representative example of Liberty style architecture in Lucca, this considerably sized building has a rectangular base and is constructed on two floors as well as the attic and the basement. It is partly covered with flat roofing and partly by a hip roof with a layer of Marseillais tiles.
On the main façade, which looks onto via Civitali, the building exhibits a hexagonal bow-window on the ground floor which is covered by a terrace which two lateral doors and five windows, decorated with wrought iron floral motifs open onto.
Access is gained to the first floor terrace by way of a French door decorated with sunflower floral motifs which are inserted in a circular pattern. The parapet of the terrace has a characteristic
coup de fouet design which is repeated throughout all the decorative parts of the villa which are in wrought iron. Two windows, decorated on the upper part with polychrome majolica which forms rhomboid motifs, also face onto the terrace. The same decoration is repeated on the fascia below the eaves. In alignment with the French door the villa exhibits a higher turret shaped part which is covered with a non- practicable terrace.
The garden is characterised by various architectonic features: a basin with central sculptures which represents a shell with two small cupids and a little temple covered with a cupola which is held up by small columns, all of which are connected to the house by way of an elliptic ramp covered with a wrought iron pergola.
The building is a private property and cannot be visited inside.
Historycal news

The villa is the masterpiece in Lucca of Gaetano Orzali, who projected also the Villino Malerbi today Dinelli. It was designed in 1903 for Luigi Ducloz.
In 1911, when Dianda was the owner of the villa, the polychrome majolica crowning, which was only originally present on the main front, was also extended to the side facades.
(text by Lorenza Caprotti -
Centro Studi Cultura Liberty e Déco)
How to reach

by car: A11 motorway exit "Lucca Centro". Follow the signs for the town centre until you reach the ring road along the walls. Turn left in Viale Carducci and continue along the ring road. After passing Piazzale Martiri della Libertà turn left in Via Civitali where you will find the villa at number 243.
Bibliography

- Archivio Storico del Comune di Lucca
- Archivio Soprintendenza B.A.A.A.S. delle province di Pisa, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Livorno (schedatori: Gilberto Bedini e Giorgio Marchetti)
- Fondazione Ragghianti, Lucca
- A. Cambetti, Lucca nel 1913, Lucca 1914
- G.Bedini, G.Fanelli, Lucca. Spazio e tempo dall'Ottocento ad oggi, Lucca 1971
- G. Bedini, L'arredo urbano e i villini di Lucca, in M.A. Giusti (a cura di), Le età del Liberty in Toscana, Atti del Convegno di Studi, Firenze 1995
- C. Cresti, Per una schedatura del liberty a Lucca, in Bollettino degli ingegneri n.4, 1973
- C. Cresti, L.Zangheri, Architetti e Ingegneri nella Toscana dell'Ottocento, Firenze 1978
- C. Cresti, Lucca oltre le Mura , in Toscana qui , n.2, 1982, Firenze
- M. C. Poggi, Gli Orzali, una famiglia di Ingegneri, Architetti, Costruttori, tesi di Laurea 1996, Facoltà di Architettura, Firenze
- M. A. Giusti (a cura di), Le età del Liberty in Toscana, Octavo Franco Cantini editore, 1996
- N. Nicoletti, Le residenze fuori dalle mura, in Il Museo per conoscere. Esperienze e proposte , a cura della Soprintendenza B.A.A.A.S. delle province di Pisa, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Livorno, Sezione Didattica dei Musei Nazionali di Lucca, anno II, n.3-4, Maria Pacini Fazzi Editore, Lucca 1995
- N. Nicoletti, I protagonisti: la famiglia Orzali, in Il Museo per conoscere. Esperienze e proposte , a cura della Soprintendenza B.A.A.A.S. delle province di Pisa, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Livorno, Sezione Didattica dei Musei Nazionali di Lucca, anno II, n.3-4, Maria Pacini Fazzi Editore, Lucca 1995
- E. Godoli (a cura di), Architetture del Novecento. La Toscana - Fondazione Michelucci, Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze 2001

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